Evolving Industrial Standards In The Era of Digital Twins and Industry 4.0
Updated: Jan 24, 2019
Machine learning, cloud computing, edge intelligence, advanced analytics, Industrial Internet-of-Things, and digital twin framework are already revolutionizing key components of the industrial operations and logistics.
Operational Technology and Informational Technology (along with their cousin - cyber-security) are going through a rapid amalgamation to facilitate Industry 4.0 implementation in Oil and Gas, Petrochemical, Renewable and Manufacturing industries. Several multinational companies are brewing in-house Digital Disruptive Teams within their corporate infrastructure to speed up the adoption.
Industry 4.0 framework is bringing a paradigm shift in the ways companies monitor and control assets and processes on the plant floor. These emerging technologies influence:
How we collect sensor information (quality & quantity), how fast we analyze data, how close to the plant floor we analyze data and how quick the analysis could help in improving the bottom line - Efficiency, Reliability, Profitability, and EHS (Environment, Health & Safety)
Technology is great! What about the plant floor?
Unfortunately, a significant portion of the industrial operations is brownfield projects with legacy plant floor equipment and processes that are not readily available for integration with evolving technology. What needs to be done to integrate these legacy systems along with the latest technology to reap the full benefits of digital disruption?
International standards will play a crucial role in enabling Industry 4.0 by providing best practices for seamless integration of processes, domains and life-cycle phases
Standardization promotes vendor interoperability, safe and secure implementation of various digitization technologies across manufacturing and energy industries. Many standardization bodies across the world are paving the way for the creation of new standards to facilitate this technology evolution.
Some of the standard committees and working groups that are created (some are under development) to bolster Industry 4.0:
ISO/IEC NP 30147 [Under development] Information technology — Internet of things — Methodology for trustworthiness of IoT system/service
ISO/IEC PDTR 30148 [Under development] Internet of Things (IoT) — Technical requirements and application of sensor network for wireless gas meters.
ISO/IEC NP 30149 [Under development] Internet of things (IoT) — Trustworthiness framework
ISO/IEC WD 23053 — Framework for Artificial Intelligence (AI) Systems Using Machine Learning (ML)
ISO/IEC CD 21823–1 — Internet of things (IoT) — Interoperability for internet of things systems — Part 1: Framework
ISO/IEC NP 30160 [Under development] Internet of Things (IoT) — Application framework for industrial facility demand response energy management
ISO/IEC NP 30161 [Under development]Internet of Things (IoT) — Requirements of IoT data exchange platform for various IoT services
ISO/IEC NP 30162 [Under development] Internet of Things (IoT) — Compatibility requirements and model for devices within industrial IoT systems
ISO/IEC NP 30163 [Under development] Internet of Things (IoT) — System requirements of IoT/SN technology-based integrated platform for chattel asset monitoring supporting financial services
ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 42 — Artificial Intelligence
ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 41 — Internet of things and related technologies
ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 27 — IT security techniques
Many of these standards are under development and many more organizations such as International Society of Automation (ISA) and Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) are expected to join the task force to create standards for efficient, safe and reliable implementation of Industry 4.0 framework for years to come.